Tourist Places Near Varanasi
In ancient times, the city was known as Prayag (place of the confluences). According to Hindu religious texts, it is believed to be the where Brahma, the Hindu Creator of the Universe, attended a sacrificial ritual.
Prayag is birth place of Som, Varuna and Prjapati. Prayag has been associated with mythological personalites in Brahmanical(Vedic) and Buddhist Literatures. It was the seat of the great sge Bhardwaj, sage Durvasa and Sage Pannas sage Bhardwaj lived here circa 5000BC anf taught more than 10000 disciples. He was the greatest philospher of ancient world.
"Bodh Gaya is the place where Gautama Buddha attained unsurpassed, supreme Enlightenment. It is a place which should be visited or seen by a person of devotion and which would cause awareness and apprehension of the nature of impermanence".
Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha-to-be, had been dwelling on the banks of the Nairanjana River with five ascetic followers for six years practicing austerities. Realising that austerities could not lead to realisation he abandoned them. His five ascetic companions disgusted at his seeming failure, deserted him and left for Sarnath.
Kushinagar is the place where Lord Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvana. ( the freedom from the endless cycle of birth and rebirth), on his way from Rajgir to Sravasti. This is also the place where Lord Buddha preached his last sermon and said, that all composite things decay.
It is a major buddhist pilgimage destination. It was the capital of the kingdom of the Mallas, one of the 16 Janapadas during the ancient period. For a long time Kushinagar remained lost in the jungles and was unknown to the world till 19th century when the British rediscovered it in 1880.
Gorakhpur is small city in the north of Uttar Pradesh. The city is known for its proximity to Kushinagar and Nepal. Situated on the banks of river Rapti and Rohini at a height of 77 m from the sea level, Gorakhpur was earlier known as Ramgram and used to be the capital of the Koliyas in the ancient days. Gorakhpur got its name after famous saint Gorakhnath, who flourished here and blessed people with his teachings. Budha is also said to have visited this place and moved to Kushinagar from Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur was also an important centre for activities of freedom fighters. Famous 'Chauri-Chaura' incident took place here, where 19 British policemen were burnt inside the police station.